Read e-book online Tree of Origin: What Primate Behavior Can Tell Us about PDF

By Frans B. M. de Waal,Richard Byrne,Robin Dunbar,W.C. McGrew,Anne Pusey,Charles Snowdon,Craig B. Stanford,Karen B. Strier,Richard W. Wrangham

How did we develop into the linguistic, cultured, and highly winning apes that we're? Our closest relatives--the different mentally advanced and socially expert primates--offer tantalizing clues. In Tree of Origin 9 of the world's most sensible primate specialists learn those clues and compose the main large photograph so far of what the habit of monkeys and apes can let us know approximately our personal evolution as a species.

It has been approximately fifteen years due to the fact that a unmarried quantity addressed the difficulty of human evolution from a primate point of view, and in that point now we have witnessed explosive development in learn at the topic. Tree of Origin supplies us the most recent information approximately bonobos, the "make love now not battle" apes who behave so dramatically not like chimpanzees. We find out about the software traditions and social customs that set every one ape neighborhood aside. We see how DNA research is revolutionizing our figuring out of paternity, intergroup migration, and reproductive good fortune. And we confront interesting discoveries approximately primate searching habit, politics, cognition, vitamin, and the evolution of language and intelligence that problem claims of human strong point in new and sophisticated ways.

Tree of Origin presents the clearest glimpse but of the apelike ancestor who left the wooded area and started the lengthy trip towards sleek humanity.

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Download PDF by David K. Randall,Martina Wiese: Im Reich der Träume: Die rätselhafte Welt des Schlafes

By David K. Randall,Martina Wiese

Der New York Times-Bestseller über die erstaunlichen Erkenntnisse der Schlafforschung

Jede Nacht widmen wir ihm etliche Stunden: Dennoch gibt der Schlaf uns allen – Schläfern wie Wissenschaftlern gleichermaßen – verblüffend viele Rätsel auf. Obwohl wir nahezu ein Drittel unseres Lebens schlafend verbringen, wissen wir nicht wirklich, inwiefern dies bedeutsam für uns ist. Warum müssen wir überhaupt schlafen? Warum bedroht Schlafmangel unsere Gesundheit, warum ist Schlafentzug Folter? used to be geschieht mit uns, wenn wir träumen? Lernen wir im Schlaf? Und used to be hat es mit dem Schlafwandeln auf sich?

Kaum etwas beeinflusst unser Leben so sehr wie die Qualität unseres Schlafs. Schlafstörungen scheinen in Zusammenhang mit Diabetes, Bluthochdruck, Schlaganfällen und Demenz zu stehen. Und in unseren sozialen Beziehungen birgt der Schlafplatz eine Menge Zündstoff: Sollten Eltern ihr Bett mit ihrem Säugling teilen? used to be tun, wenn der andere schnarcht? Ist eine Ehe zum Scheitern verurteilt, wenn die companion in getrennten Betten schlafen?

Der Wissenschaftsjournalist David Randall gewährt uns vielfältige Einblicke in die Forschungsarbeiten, die jene nächtlichen Stunden zu erhellen versuchen. Auf einer Entdeckungsreise, die von Kriegsschauplätzen bis ins Kinderzimmer führt, offenbart Im Reich der Träume, dass Schlafen nicht im Entferntesten so banal ist, wie es uns erscheinen magazine, wenn wir abends das Licht ausmachen.

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Read e-book online The Politics of Species PDF

By Raymond Corbey,Annette Lanjouw

the idea that people are cognitively and morally stronger to different animals is key to social democracies and criminal platforms world wide. It legitimises treating participants of alternative animal species as not as good as people. the previous few a long time have obvious a transforming into wisdom of this factor, as proof keeps to teach that people of many different species have wealthy psychological, emotional and social lives. Bringing jointly top specialists from quite a number disciplines, this quantity identifies the major limitations to a definition of ethical recognize that incorporates nonhuman animals. It units out to extend hindrance, empathy and inclusiveness via constructing techniques that may be used to guard different animals from exploitation within the wild and from anguish in captivity. The chapters hyperlink medical facts with normative and philosophical reflections, delivering distinctive perception into arguable concerns round the moral, political and criminal prestige of different species.

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Paul Sterry,Andrew Cleave's British Coastal Wildlife (Collins Complete Guides) PDF

By Paul Sterry,Andrew Cleave

Discover over 1,200 species of animals and vegetation present in the coastal areas of england and utilize your atmosphere, even if you're on a vacation browse or severe quest. this can be the definitive photographic reference advisor for nature enthusiasts.

This informative photographic advisor might help nature fans vacationing the beach to find and speedy and effectively establish the animals and crops quite often present in the coastal components of Britain.

The e-book is illustrated with appealing photos all through, definitely the right beach spouse for ‘staycation’ traveling nature fanatics in addition to normal average heritage buffs. old and young alike willing to find the natural world of Britain's coastal parts will get pleasure from this fantastically functional guide.

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Read e-book online The Physiology of Growth PDF

By Richard Goss

The body structure of development makes a speciality of the physiological mechanisms underlying the expansion of organs and tissues akin to the skin, connective tissues, bone and cartilage, blood cells, and the center. The atrophy and hypertrophy of muscle, adaptive plasticity of the worried approach, and neural rules of salivary glands also are explored.
Comprised of 24 chapters, this ebook opens with an summary of the character of development, how you can degree development, and theories of progress. The dialogue then turns to the renewal of dermis; the expansion of connective tissues equivalent to collagen and keloids; actual law of bone development and cartilage regrowth; and turnover of blood cells. the next chapters concentrate on the hyperlink among high blood pressure and center development; growth of arteries and veins; muscle atrophy and hypertrophy; and intraocular legislation of lens improvement. The impact of lactation at the progress of the mammary glands can be thought of, besides liver degeneration and experimental rules of the testis.
This monograph is meant for physiologists, developmental biologists, and scholars of histology.

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Download e-book for kindle: Was uns nicht umbringt: Wie es Menschen gelingt, aus by Stephen Joseph,Gabriele Herbst

By Stephen Joseph,Gabriele Herbst

Ein Buch, das Mut macht: Die neue Psychologie des posttraumatischen Wachstums

Schicksalsschläge müssen uns nicht aus der Bahn werfen. Sie können vielmehr neue Stärken und Lebensperspektiven eröffnen und einen Reifungsprozess anstoßen. Dieses hoffnungsvolle Fazit zieht Stephen Joseph, einer der Wegbereiter der Psychotraumatologie, aus seiner jahrzehntelangen Arbeit mit traumatisierten Menschen. Sein Buch schlägt einen weiten Bogen: Es schildert Fallgeschichten, macht psychologische Studien nachvollziehbar, zeigt, welche Spuren erschütternde Erlebnisse im Gehirn hinterlassen, und beleuchtet, wie es Menschen gelingt – und wie guy sie therapeutisch dabei unterstützen kann –, gestärkt aus emotionalen Katastrophen hervorzugehen.

Tsunamis, Gewaltverbrechen, tragische Verkehrsunfälle – solche Erfahrungen, so heißt es, zeichnen die Betroffenen fürs Leben und bürden ihnen posttraumatische Belastungsstörungen auf. Doch der Psychologe Stephen Joseph kommt nach 20 Jahren Forschung zu einem anderen Schluss: Derartige Traumata können zu „Motoren der inneren Veränderung“ werden. Auf Fallstudien gestützt schildert er den emotionalen Tribut traumatischer Erlebnisse, die zugrunde liegende Biologie, die Erscheinungsformen der Resilienz und die große Bandbreite der verfügbaren Therapien … Dies ist ein weitgefasster und plausibler Blick auf die Psychologie des Überlebens. Nature

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Warum im Leid auch eine probability liegen kann

Was geschieht, wenn wir mit dem Schlimmsten konfrontiert sind? Gemeinhin herrscht die Vorstellung, ein Trauma zeichne uns für das restliche Leben – mit oft verheerenden Folgen für quickly alle Aspekte unseres Alltags, von unserem Schlafzyklus über unsere sozialen Beziehungen bis hin zu unserem Lebenswillen. Doch wie der foreign renommierte Psychologe und Psychotherapeut Stephen Joseph in diesem Buch zeigt, setzen traumatische Erfahrungen oft auch optimistic Entwicklungen in Gang und liefern Anstöße zu einer Verbesserung des Lebens: Die Betroffenen erleben gefestigte persönliche Beziehungen, lernen das Leben stärker wertzuschätzen und gelangen zu neuer innerer Stärke. Sie machen eine Erfahrung, die die Psychologen als posttraumatisches Wachstum bezeichnen. Josephs breit angelegtes Buch führt die Weisheit antiker Philosophen, die Einsichten von Evolutionsbiologen, den Optimismus der positiven Psychologen und seine eigenen bahnbrechenden Studien zusammen, um Wege aufzuzeigen, wie Menschen angesichts dramatischer Veränderungen und Widrigkeiten neuen Lebenssinn und neue Lebensziele finden können.

Durch das Buch ziehen sich bewegende Geschichten von Menschen, die trotz großen Leids und schmerzlicher Verluste nicht aufgaben … Joseph verleiht den Berühmten und den Unbekannten gleichermaßen eine Stimme, wenn er Geschichten vom Überleben und Aufblühen in persönlichen wie globalen Krisen erzählt. Dabei vermittelt das Buch tiefe Kenntnisse über die Dynamik des posttraumatischen Wachstums und verwandter Theorien. Es stellt eine seltene Meisterleistung dar, ein Buch zu schreiben, das sowohl für die allgemeine Leserschaft als auch für Fachleute und Praktiker reizvoll und nützlich ist. Joseph ist es gelungen. John Harvey, Professor emeritus für Psychologie, collage of Iowa  

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Download e-book for iPad: Komodo Dragons: Biology and Conservation (Zoo and Aquarium by James B. Murphy,Claudio Ciofi,Colomba de La Panouse,Trooper

By James B. Murphy,Claudio Ciofi,Colomba de La Panouse,Trooper Walsh

greater than two decades have handed for the reason that Walter Auffenberg's huge The Behavioral Ecology of the Komodo Monitor. within the intervening years the populations of Komodo dragons—native purely to a handful of islands in southeast Indonesia—have faded, sparking in depth conservation efforts. over the past twenty years new information regarding those bold predators has emerged, and the main vital findings are basically provided here.

A memoir from Walter Auffenberg and his son Kurt is by means of the most recent details on Komodo dragon biology, ecology, inhabitants distribution, and habit. the second one a part of the e-book is devoted to step by step administration and conservation thoughts, either for wild and captive dragons. This profitable version is an invaluable template for the conservation of alternative endangered species to boot, for, as Kurt and Walter Auffenberg be aware, “The species may perhaps certainly live on within the wild for generations to return whereas numerous different organisms are lost.”

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New PDF release: Auditory Prostheses: New Horizons: 39 (Springer Handbook of

By Fan-Gang Zeng,Arthur N. Popper,Richard R. Fay

Cochlear implants are at present the traditional therapy for profound sensorineural listening to loss. within the final decade, advances in auditory technological know-how and expertise haven't simply tremendously increased the software of electrical stimulation to different elements of the auditory apprehensive approach as well as the cochlea, yet have additionally tested drastic alterations within the mind in responses to electrical stimulation, together with alterations in language improvement and song notion. quantity 20 of SHAR keen on simple technological know-how and expertise underlying the cochlear implant. although, end result of the newness of the information and know-how, the amount didn't disguise any rising functions corresponding to bilateral cochlear implants, mixed acoustic-electric stimulation, and different varieties of auditory prostheses, nor did it assessment mind plasticity in responses to electrical stimulation and its perceptual and language results. This proposed quantity takes to the air from quantity 20, and expands the exam of implants into new and hugely intriguing areas.
This edited e-book begins with an outline and advent through Dr. Fan-Gang Zeng. Chapters 2-9 disguise technological improvement and the advances in treating the total spectrum of ear problems within the final ten years. Chapters 10-15 speak about mind responses to electrical stimulation and their perceptual impact.
This quantity is very intriguing simply because there were quantum jump from the conventional expertise mentioned in quantity 20. hence, this quantity is well timed and may be of genuine value to the SHAR audience.

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Read e-book online Endocrinology Neuroendocrinology Neuropeptides: Proceedings PDF

By E. Stark,G. B. Makara,Zs. Ács

Advances in Physiological Sciences, quantity thirteen: Endocrinology, Neuroendocrinology, Neuropeptides, half I deals a long dialogue of the learn, experiments, and investigations on endocrinology, neuroendocrinology, and neuropeptides.
This choice, divided into 5 components with forty seven chapters, gains the literature of capable students who diligently carried out study at the topics. The components coated of their literature comprise discussions on hormone receptors and interpreting of genetic details; biosynthesis, processing, and characterization of prehormones, prohormones, and hormones; pituitary and gastrointestinal hormone-like fabric in mind; habit and hormonal stability; and extrahypothalamic constructions in neuroendocrine rules.
Although the members placed their efforts on diversified components, they truly current how endocrinology, neuroendocrinology, and neuropeptides stuck the curiosity of physiologists and students. In clarifying their works, they comprise during this ebook observations, methodologies, end, and suggestions.
This e-book can most sensible serve the curiosity of physiologists and different readers drawn to the examine on endocrinology, neuropeptides, and neuroendocrinology.

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Read e-book online Secrets of the Snake Charmer PDF

By John C. Murphy

"Humans and snakes have an intimate and historic dating that frequently revolves round both love or hate. Snakes might be visible as gods, non secular messengers, symbols of fertility, and guardians of assets in nearly all cultures. yet to people who worry them, snakes are obvious as venomous creatures that can't be relied on.

In secrets and techniques of the Snake Charmer, John Murphy, a learn affiliate of the department of Amphibians and Reptiles within the box Museum of usual heritage in Chicago, offers an in-depth, twenty-first century examine snakes using the broadcast learn of alternative herpetologists in addition to his personal own studies and speculations. Murphy covers quite a lot of subject matters akin to the adaptability of snakes, the ways that evolution has tinkered with snakes over the past a hundred and sixty million years, and the impression snakes have at the ecological groups they dwell in.

While sharing principles in regards to the foundation of snakes, rattlesnake rattles, and spitting in cobras, Murphy provides an leading edge portrayal of snakes that proves they co-evolve with their prey, predators, and parasites with the intention to satisfy an important and novel function within the internet of life."

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